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12 Creepy Abandoned Places You'll Probably Find Ghosts Living In

Mon, 2014-10-20 11:25
We have a challenge for you this Halloween. Instead of going to that fake (but still great!) "haunted house" attraction that's set up in your town, why don't you go and seek out a real scary house? We're talking about abandoned homes that exist all over the world.

Though we (obviously) can't confirm that any of these empty homes are truly haunted, they sure do look spooky. Ghosts have to live somewhere, right? Behold, 12 super-creepy abandoned homes that are just begging to scare the living daylights out of you.

1. Royal spirits might haunt the halls of this castle in Belgium.

2. Gold miners used to convene in this old Masonic lodge located in former Gold Rush town Bannack, Montana.

3. These suburban Ireland homes were built and never occupied. But we picture an eerie ghost community making themselves at home here.

Ghost Estates by Valérie Anex

4. The last house standing in Holland Island in Chesapeake Bay reportedly collapsed in 2010, but the waters could be haunted by the ghosts of fishermen.

Credit: Flickr user: baldeaglebluff

5. The abandoned house of former Russian president Viktor Yanukovych emits eerie vibes.

6. There's a bizarre abandoned German-style mining village in the Namib Desert in southern Africa that was deserted in 1954. Something this strange is bound to be haunted.

7. These boarded-up apartments in England went on sale in 2013, and look like they are holding evil spirits inside.

8. Only one lone dog hangs around this abandoned farm house in an area of California that has been facing a horrible drought.

9. We would not want to be left alone at night in this cottage in Bavaria's Berchtesgaden National Park in Obersee, Germany.

10. This abandoned home in Haswell, Colorado looks like it's really far off the beaten path.

11. Would you dare enter the darkness of these empty homes in Detroit? (We wouldn't.)

12. The photographer of this picture told HuffPost that this abandoned treehouse in Florida is currently "facing vandalism and destruction." So... enter at your own risk!

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You Should Know Who's Backing the Illinois Governor Candidates Before You Vote

Mon, 2014-10-20 09:36
The Illinois gubernatorial candidates are scrambling to convince voters to choose them in the Nov. 4 election. They're running ads, making appearances and accumulating endorsements to show Illinoisans whom they should vote for.

As part of Reboot Illinois' election coverage, we'll be aggregating endorsements for both Democratic incumbent Gov. Pat Quinn and Republican Bruce Rauner. Check back for regular updates as new endorsements roll in and become public.

Pat Quinn

1. Chicago Teachers Union

2. Associated Firefighters of Illinois

3. Citizen Action Illinois
  • The state's largest public interest organization that focuses on consumer rights, health care, the environment, equality, political accountability, fair taxes and campaign financing reform.

4. Democratic Governors Association

5. Equality Illinois

6. IL Federation of Teachers

7. Illinois Education Association

8. Independent Voters of Illinois-Independent Precinct Organization (IVI-IPO)

9. National Association of Social Workers - Illinois Chapter

10. Northside Democracy for America

Bruce Rauner

1. National Federation of Independent Businesses

2. Republican Governors Association

3. Illinois State Police Command Officers Association

4. Illinois Manufacturers Association

5. Taxpayers United of America

6. Illinois Chamber of Commerce

7. Republican Party of Illinois

8. Economic Empowerment Forum

9. Daily Herald

10. Shaw Media

Check out more endorsements for both candidates at Reboot Illinois.

NEXT ARTICLE: Side-by-side comparison of Gov. Pat Quinn and Bruce Rauner on a host of issues
Emails show Neighborhood Recovery Initiative was a political problem for Quinn back in 2011
Quinn inches ahead of Rauner in latest Reboot Illinois poll
Who's flipping, who's flopping in the Illinois governor's race?
Here are Democratic incumbent Pat Quinn's Primary Election answers to the Reboot/BGA questionnaire

The Public Charter Test

Mon, 2014-10-20 09:10
If you read much of my writing, you might conclude I hate charter schools. But like many critics of the current charter wave, I don't object to the idea of charters at all. Once upon a time, charters were actually a pretty good addition to the public education landscape.

The potential is still there. But to unlock it, charteristas will have to make true the mantra they keep repeating, that charter schools are public schools.

Charter schools, the modern version as represented by K12 and Success Academies, are not public schools at all. If they really want to earn the "public" label, they need to meet these four requirements.

Transparent Finances

As a taxpayer, I can walk into my local school district office and ask to see everything there is to see about the district finances. As a taxpayer, I'm entitled to a full accounting of how my money has been spent. To be a true public entity, you can't just take public funds-- you must give a public accounting of them as well.

That also means oversight. The modern charter is all too often tied up in all too shady financial dealings. Baker Mitchell of North Carolina is only the most recent example of a charter operator who uses a non-profit charter to funnel money to his own private firms. It is Modern Charter 101 -- set up charter school, hire yourself, your family, your friends to do everything from managing the school to washing the floors. And rent the building and equipment from yourself. K12 routinely uses public tax dollars to mount advertising campaigns.

A true public school is always strapped for cash, and taxpayers are always keenly aware of where that money comes from. When negotiating contracts, spending money on big ticket items, even deciding to outsource janitorial services, our school board members are subject to plenty of input, feedback and general kibbitzing from the people who will pay for all those things.

Meanwhile, modern charters have gone to court to keep state auditors from getting a look at their books. That is not how a public institution behaves. If you're a public school, your finances must be completely transparent.

Accountability to the Voters

Boy, do I ever get charter operators frustration on this count. My ultimate bosses are a group of educational amateurs who have to win election to stay in charge of me. It's a screwy way to run a business -- what other enterprise requires professional experts to work at the beck and call of people whose only qualification is that they managed to garner a bunch of votes? Oh, wait. I remember an example -- the entire local, state and federal government of the entire country. Because we're a democracy.

Reed Hastings famously articulated the modern charter operator position-- elected school boards are a nuisance. They're unstable and change their composition and therefor their collective mind. What schools need is a single CEO, a kinderfuhrer who can swiftly and boldly make decisions without having to explain himself to people, particularly voting people who can remove him from power if they don't like his answers.

This is not how public institutions are supposed to work in a democratic society. Yes, as some folks periodically rediscover, democracy is terribly messy and inefficient. But the alternative is efficient long-term mediocrity or short term excellence (followed by crashing and burning). Neither is an appropriate goal for a stable society, and neither is appropriate for running a school system meant to serve all citizens, regardless of their income or social status.

If the voters of your school district do not have a say in how the school is run, you are not a public school. It does not count if your tsar or board of tsars is appointed by a state-level elected official. If there is no way for local voters to change the school's management through local means, it is not a public school.

And yes -- that means that there are places like Philadelphia and Newark where the schools are no longer public schools in anything but name. Leaving the name alone -- that's how you steal an entire public school system from the public it is supposed to serve.

Play by the Rules

The charter movement, even the traditional one, has been all about getting around bad rules. This has never made a lot of sense to me, this business of government saying, "We've tied up public schools in so many dumb rules that we need a different kind of school as an alternative." Why not say, "We've tied up public schools in so many dumb rules that we are now going to rescind some of those rules. Because, dumb."

The "we need charters to escape dumb rules" argument is like filling up your own car with Long John Silver's wrappers and empty coffee cups and one day saying, "Well, damn. This car's a mess. Guess I have to buy a new car." If you've made a mess of things, clean up the mess!

So I'll agree that there are some public school rules that charters shouldn't play by, because nobody should have to play by them. Important note: I can identify these rules because they interfere with a teacher's ability to provide quality service for students.

But there are other rules charters don't want to have to play by. For instance, "hire licensed personnel" seems to be a popular corner to cut (the Gulen folks seem to trip over this one a bunch). Likewise, modern charters like skirting that nasty union rubbish, which helps with holding onto the option to terminate any "teacher" at any time. This is not about providing superior schooling for students; this is about maintaining a more easily controlled workforce that will be cheap and kept in line.

It goes back to that whole damn democracy thing. Modern charter operators want to be able to rule their company like a Bill Gates or a Leona Helmsley. They do not want to have to govern a public service trust like a Congress or a President, held ultimately accountable to a separate court or electorate (though don't worry -- they're working on that system, too).

Public schools are a trust, a service to the communities that house them and the country that holds them. If you want to be a public school, you have to play by the public school rules. You can certainly set up a private school outside those rules, but that's what it is-- a private school, not a public one.

Serve the Full Population

The same modern charter trick has been documented over and over. Behind every charter school miracle is a charter school that gets rid of students who might hurt their numbers.

They say that home is the place where, when you go there, they have to take you in. But in America, there's another place like that -- the public school.

A public school accepts every student. A public school does not bar a student for being too expensive to educate. A public school does not push out a student who gets lousy test scores. A public school must accept every single student who shows up on their doorstep, barring only those who reach a criminal level of threat to others (and sometimes not even that).

No school that turns students away, pushes students away, counsels students out, or even has the option of considering these actions because there is some other school that must take the student -- no school that does these things can call itself a public school. No school that has a student population substantially different from the student population of the area it serves can rightly call itself a public school.

I was tweet-challenged on this point the other day with the issue of magnet schools. That's a valid point -- a school designed to focus on the performing arts cannot be expected to have the same percentage of tone-deaf, stage-inept non-performers as the rest of its neighborhood. But magnet schools have a very specific, very explicit mission that clearly defines how their population will differ from the larger group. A performing arts school mission does not say "To foster great student arts, plus keeping out any ELL students, too." The careful focus was in fact one of the things that could, and did, and does, make classic charters great.

But another characteristic of modern charters is that they rarely have such a clearly defined mission. And certainly none have a mission that makes explicit upfront, as magnet schools do, exactly which students they plan to include and exclude. As far as I know, no modern charter has a mission statement that reads, "We will give a mediocre education to all poor kids except the ones who are difficult or have developmental problems or who can't hit our numbers."

You can certainly be selective about which students make it into your school (and get to stay there), but if you do, you are a private school. A public school accepts all students.

Public School and Virtue

I am not saying that you must meet all four of these requirements to qualify as a ethically upright and educationally sound school. I can think of several private schools that flunk all four tests (though all have far more accountability measures in place than many modern charters), and they are perfectly good schools. But they are private schools, not public schools.

I can think of some charter schools that pass all four tests. They are classic versions of charter education, and they deserve to be called public schools.

But to call the Success and Imagine and K12 and Hope-on-a-Shingle and all the rest of the hedge-fund backed, politically connected, ROI ROI ROIing their big financial boat modern charters may be many things.

But they are not public schools. Not. Public. Schools.

Originally posted at Curmudgucation.

Confession Leads Police To 3 More Bodies Of Slain Women In Indiana

Mon, 2014-10-20 07:11
GARY, Ind. (AP) — The bodies of seven women have been found in northwestern Indiana after a man confessed to killing one woman who was found strangled at a motel and led investigators to at least three of the bodies, authorities said Monday.

The Lake County coroner's office said three of the bodies were found Sunday night at two locations in Gary, a city about 30 miles southeast of Chicago, while the other four bodies were found earlier over the weekend. The coroner's office called the new deaths homicides, with one victim strangled and unspecified injuries for the other two women. At least three of the bodies were found in the same abandoned home in Gary, according to the coroner's office.

It wasn't immediately clear Monday whether the man directed police to the three bodies Sunday night. Phone and email messages seeking comment from Gary police spokeswoman Cpl. Gabrielle King weren't immediately returned.

Police said Sunday that a 43-year-old man confessed to killing a woman whose body was found in a Motel 6 in the neighboring city of Hammond and told investigators where the bodies of three other women could be found in abandoned homes in Gary.

Gary police found the bodies of three women at different locations in Gary late Saturday and early Sunday, following up on information the man provided during questioning, Hammond police Lt. Rich Hoyda said Sunday. Hoyda wouldn't comment on how the man knew the women, on a possible motive or on whether the man confessed to killing any of the other women.

The county coroner's office identified the victim found in Hammond as 19-year-old Afrika Hardy and ruled her death a strangulation, and said a second victim has been identified by family members as 35-year-old Anith Jones of Merrillville, who had been missing since Oct. 8.

Jones' body was found at the same address where two other bodies were found Sunday night. Autopsies are pending on those three women.

Police discovered Hardy's body about 9:30 p.m. Friday at a Motel 6.

"A friend of the deceased called us, and she was concerned when she didn't respond to her calling," Hoyda said. "We were sent there and found that person dead."

Police investigating her death obtained a search warrant for a home and vehicle in Gary. Police conducted the search Saturday afternoon and took the man into custody. Hoyda said the man confessed during questioning and then told investigators "where several other female victims of possible homicide were located."

Hoyda said the man's name wasn't being released because he had not yet been formally charged. He would not say when charges will be filed. He was being held in the Hammond City Jail.

Bears Locker Room Gets 'Ugly' After Latest Home Loss

Sun, 2014-10-19 18:19
The atmosphere in the Chicago Bears' locker room didn't sound pleasant after yet another home loss on Sunday. Following a 27-14 loss to the Miami Dolphins at Soldier Field, a place where the Bears haven't won yet this season, several reporters tweeted about the tempestuous postgame scene.

A couple of reporters described the locker room as "ugly" and tweeted that several players were yelling at each other. According to Michael C. Wright of, Bears wide receiver Brandon Marshall called out quarterback Jay Cutler and yelled at kicker Robbie Gould.

After the commotion died down, Marshall declined to discuss what happened and called it a "team matter" before venting about Chicago's "unacceptable" record so far this season.

"We're 3-4. We need to play better. That's unacceptable. That's unacceptable. Unacceptable. We shouldn't have alost today. We shouldn't be 3-4. Our offense has to play better. It's as simple as that," Marshall told reporters. "We've got a great, great group of guys, and this is unacceptable. What did we put up, 14 points? Was it 14 points? That's unacceptable."

Bears offensive lineman Kyle Long also used the word "unacceptable" while describing the home fans booing the team.

Chicago has been out-scored 88-51 at home. Perhaps some wins at home would at least take care of the booing problem.

Florida State Holds Off Notre Dame After Late Penalty Negates Last-Minute Touchdown

Sat, 2014-10-18 23:10
TALLAHASSEE, Fla. (AP) — Jameis Winston prevailed after another week of controversy and threw for 273 yards and two touchdowns to lead No. 2 Florida State to 31-27 win over No. 5 Notre Dame on Saturday.

The Seminoles (7-0, 5-0 ACC) used a second-half comeback with the season on the line to topple the Fighting Irish. Notre Dame (6-1) is the last ranked team FSU's schedule and the win may be its last chance to make a decisive impression on the College Football Playoff selection committee. Notre Dame quarterback Everett Golson threw for 313 yards and three touchdowns, but Winston won the duel in the second half as he completed his first 13 passes against a defense that had Florida State flustered for the first 30 minutes.

The Irish moved to the 2-yard line on the final drive, but an offensive pass interference call killed the drive.

Florida State said this week it was investigating whether Winston received benefits for autographs being sold online.

<em>The Art of Falling</em>: Hubbard Street Dance and Second City's Comic Liaisons

Sat, 2014-10-18 18:42

"If music be the food of love/ then laughter is its queen" - Procol Harum, A Whiter Shade of Pale

Early on in the ingenious collaboration between Second City and Hubbard Street Dance, Procol Harum's counterculture hymn permeates Chicago's Harris Theater as actors and dancers assemble in rows of folding chairs facing the audience. Suddenly actor Tim Mason pulls his Beats out of his ears, the music stops, and we realize that we're watching a sketch unfold in the passenger cabin of a Southwest Airlines flight (that will end in tragicomedy in Act II). Beats-less, Mason must fend off his oversharing seatmate, the formidable Rashawn Scott, who confides that she is Cleveland-bound with a plan to jumpstart her flagging marriage by shagging LeBron James' uncle. Meanwhile, the dancers around them enact a wondrous dance of air travel tedium, a marvel of minimalism, interrupted periodically by a jolt of turbulence - all of this to atmospheric jazz accompaniment by Second City's nimble Julie B. Nichols and Emma Dayhuff in the pit.

The entire evening proceeds in essentially this vein - a variation on the staging of a classic story ballet, with Second City actors as the soloists, supported by a corps de ballet who amplify the emotion of the moment, or provide a provocative counterpoint. With the added frisson of dancers not merely qua dancers, but as props, furniture and decorative objects.

Second City may have pioneered sketch comedy since its formation in 1959, but this latest collaborative project takes the art form to visually spectacular and emotionally satisfying new heights. The crispest scenes, in a surreal and slightly kinky departure from Frank Loesser's hit musical, How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying, conjure up a 1950's office in which the ingénue temp - writer/actor Carisa Barreca, "going from office to office, living on the edge" - gets lost in a seething whirlwind of activity, with dancers embodying and animating the office furniture, typewriters, a vending machine, stationary bike, a messenger bag, drinking fountain, and a "Hitler staple gun." The office boss orders the receptionist to get rid of an offensive crucifix he dubs "Black Jesus" - a black dancer who stands with arms extended, supporting the legs of another dancer who hangs behind him upside down in a side split - but is gently rebuked by a black employee who calls the crucifix "Regular Jesus."

In a parody of erotic music videos - exemplified by Chris Isaak and model Helena Christensen rolling around topless in the surf in Wicked Game - Jason Hortin tries to get into a romantic mood with a blow-up doll, to the sounds of Isaak's heavy breathing. But the doll, portrayed by Alicia Delgadillo in an admirable display of controlled technique, appears to have a slow leak.

The format is punctuated by a terrific improv routine by Second City's Tawny Newsome, playing a cynical Croatian crone in a caftan, leaning on a walker, with an accordion player in terrorist garb (full body unitard and black stocking mask) lounging behind her. ("My weird sex troll," she remarked offhand.) She discourses on insecurity and asks intimate questions of a couple in the audience, upon which dancers on stage improvise movement to match their answers. To the question "what is a gift one of you gave the other recently?" Friday night's couple answered "tickets to this show." Which sent Newsome reeling for a moment - "This is gonna get really fucking meta" - and the dancers improvised a slinky little soft shoe number, with clapping. Overall, however, the dancers seemed less inspired in the improv than the actor; they really shone in the choreographed segments, into which the actors blended seamlessly - no mean feat given the differences in training and experience.

The other detour in format was provided by a series of pas de deux excerpted from choreographer Alejandro Cerrudo's Second to Last. Cerrudo's trademark gliding, swooping and spiraling movements, and deft bravura-free partnering create beautiful curves in space, the women in attractive lingerie generally hovering just inches above the ground. Nichols and Dayhuff do their best to breathe new life into Arvo Pärt's Spiegel im Spiegel (much loved, inexplicably, by contemporary dance-makers), but the piece felt misplaced at the top of Act II. It would have served a better purpose as the penultimate number, seguing into the moment when our hero, non-dancer Joey Bland, finally conquers his anxiety, his "fear of falling," and attempts to dance, with the encouragement of his lover, Travis Turner. The two in their awkward pas de deux strike a moving contrast to the icily handsome Cerrudo choreography.

The most thrilling and virtuosic dancing of the evening occurs to the strains of Tchaikovsky's Swan Lake in a scene titled "White Office Swan." Barreca and dancers fly around in wheeled office chairs - sitting, lying, contorting themselves in various aerodynamic postures - in formations that sometimes appear random but must have been perfectly choreographed to avoid collision. The effect is stunning, and likely to rival the swan corps of the Joffrey Ballet (which, coincidentally, is presenting Swan Lake half a mile away at the Auditorium Theatre.)

Sculpted by director Billy Bungeroth with a stable of writers and choreographers from the two companies, the least compelling aspect of the evening was the conventional storyline involving the two gay lovers, around a theme that equates the risk in making a romantic commitment to the risk of falling, a risk that dancers embrace everyday. The notion of falling is further incorporated into a parallel storyline about a plane crash, which in these days, as we continue to wait for news of Malaysian Airlines flight 370, simply doesn't resonate as prime material for comedy. (Would it have been so hard to write the sketch around parachutists or hot-air balloonists? Or even paratroopers, providing ample opportunity to take swipes at the military-industrial complex?)

While the overarching message is slight, The Art of Falling has many moments that recall the power of Pina Bausch's surreal physical comedy, while mining a rich pop-cultural vein that had the packed house in stitches. A whimsical riff on our modern-day obsession with selfies was filmed directly downward from the ceiling in a dreamlike segment about a bike ride gone awry; projected onto a screen, it involved some manic crawling by the dancers. More emphatically skewered were passive-aggressive dance teachers, legendary choreographer Jiří Kylián's iconic Petite Mort (a dance whose title translates to "orgasm" and which involves near-naked men prancing about with fencing foils, "also known as a dick dance," explained Travis Turner helpfully) and Portland ("the place where dead atheists go.")

May The Art of Falling live on in versions 2.0 and beyond, hopefully bringing dance audiences into comedy clubs, and comedy audiences into the opera houses.


1. Hubbard Street + The Second City in The Art of Falling. Center, from left: Tim Mason, Jesse Bechard, Carisa Barreca and Joey Bland. Below, from left: Travis Turner, Jessica Tong and Rashawn Scott. Far right: Tawny Newsome. Hubbard Street Dancers, clockwise from top: Alice Klock, Jason Hortin, Emilie Leriche, Andrew Murdock, Jane Rehm and Michael Gross. Photo by Todd Rosenberg.

2. Joey Bland and Hubbard Street Dancer Alicia Delgadillo in Hubbard Street + The Second City's The Art of Falling. Photo by Todd Rosenberg.

3. Hubbard Street + The Second City in The Art of Falling. Foreground from left: Carisa Barreca, Tim Mason and Rashawn Scott. Photo by Todd Rosenberg.

4. Tim Mason, left, Rashawn Scott and Ensemble in Hubbard Street + The Second City's The Art of Falling. Photo by Todd Rosenberg.

5. Hubbard Street + The Second City in The Art of Falling. Carisa Barreca, center, with, from left: Jesse Bechard, Alice Klock, Michael Gross, Emilie Leriche and Jonathan Fredrickson. Photo by Todd Rosenberg.

Jimmy John's Noncompete Agreement, All Mapped Out

Fri, 2014-10-17 16:55
WASHINGTON -- As Huffington Post reported on Monday, many workers at Jimmy John's sandwich shops have been asked to sign the sort of strict noncompete agreement usually reserved for high-level executives. According to the clause, the worker agrees not to take a job at a competing sandwich shop for a period of two years following employment at Jimmy John's.

The company's definition of "competitor" is rather broad: any business that derives 10 percent or more of its revenue from the sale of sandwiches, and that resides within 3 miles of a Jimmy John's location.

After HuffPost posted a copy of the agreement, many readers wondered just how badly such a contract could restrict workers' job options in the unlikely situation it were actually enforced. Thanks to Sean Maday, founder of the news mapping site SigActs, we now have an answer to what he calls "an interesting geospatial question."

Using the addresses of Jimmy John's roughly 2,000 locations, Maday created a map that reveals the effective blackout areas under the restaurant chain's noncompete clause. The red circles indicate zones in which a worker who signed the agreement would technically be forbidden to pursue sandwich-related work:

As the map shows, if a franchisee were to enforce the clause -- and if a judge were to uphold it in the case of a challenge -- a former Jimmy John's employee could effectively be run out of Chicago, Minneapolis and Denver for the purposes of deli employment. Large swaths of other major metropolitan areas would also be off-limits, and former Jimmy John's workers would have to head to the fringes of the nation's college towns if they still wanted to make hoagies.

According to one franchisee, the clause is included in the standard-issue hiring packet distributed by Jimmy John's corporate offices, although individual store owners decide who must sign it. The franchisee said many owners have jettisoned the language from the hiring packet since it came under scrutiny.

HuffPost still knows of no cases in which a franchisee tried to enforce the clause, which many judges would likely find unreasonable anyway. Several low-level employees, however, did confirm that they were required to sign the noncompete as a condition of employment. Use of the clause has apparently varied from store to store; in some, only management-level employees have been asked to sign.

Colleges Are Already Screwing Up New Campus Safety Law That Includes Domestic Violence

Fri, 2014-10-17 16:21
Colleges have to count more types of incidents as hate crimes and disclose the number of dating violence, domestic violence and stalking reports they receive each year, under final safety law regulations unveiled Friday by the U.S. Department of Education.

However, the department had already asked schools to list those new categories in the annual crime reports released this year. At least 23 institutions (listed below) failed to include them, though the Education Department will not say whether colleges will face fines for not complying with those new rules that were already in place.

The Campus Sexual Violence Elimination (SaVE) Act, an amendment to the campus safety law the Clery Act, requires colleges to track and accurately disclose the numbers of these types of reports they receive each year. The final rules announced Friday also require schools to include in annual reports descriptions of the types of disciplinary proceedings they used in cases that fall into those new categories. And, it adds gender identity and national origin as two new categories of bias for determining whether an action that occurs on campus is a hate crime.

Although the final rules don't go into effect until July 1, 2015, colleges had been told they were expected to include the new categories of domestic violence, dating violence and stalking in their 2013 annual crime reports, which came out this month. Many colleges did include these new sections, but 23 colleges and universities were identified by the advocacy group Know Your IX as violating this part of the new law.

Separately, another advocacy group, SurvJustice, started filing formal complaints with the Education Department this week against 22 campuses (listed below), also alleging they violated the new provisions of the Clery Act. Violations of the Clery Act can result in a maximum $35,000 fine per error for higher education institutions.

During a press call with reporters Friday, acting Assistant Secretary for Postsecondary Education Lynn Mahaffie would not say whether colleges that failed to post these new categories would face any penalties.

Mahaffie would only say the department is "asking schools to make good faith efforts to comply," which include reporting on those categories. The department, Mahaffie added, will be looking into how well schools did this year.

Know Your IX embarked on the campaign of identifying schools that failed to share dating violence reports to emphasize that the gender equity law Title IX covers more than just sexual assault and harassment.

"This Campus SaVE data is such a perfect place to start," said Know Your IX co-founder Dana Bolger, "because publishing the number of reports a school receives of dating violence and stalking is so easy -- it's such low-hanging fruit, it's such an easy ask. It's absurd that schools are not following it."

Colleges were asked to make a "good faith" effort with their 2013 numbers to determine whether an incident fell under the new regulatory guidelines, and they had to include the new categories in their report this year. However, the department won't enforce its definitions of the specific types of incidents until next year, when colleges report their 2014 numbers.

Colleges accused by Know Your IX of violating the Clery Act by not including new categories of dating violence, domestic violence and stalking in their latest crime reports. (Some provided comment about the accusation to HuffPost; those are included in italics.):
  • Austin College

  • Carlow University

  • Chatham University

  • Cornell College

  • Emory and Henry College

  • Georgetown College

  • Hiram College

  • Howard University

  • Kalamazoo College (Kalamazoo has since added the new categories but insists it wasn't required to do so. It added the data "because we had the data and to allay any concerns our campus community may have had.")

  • Kenyon College (Kenyon said it "will continue to work with federal officials to make a good faith effort, as required, to include incident reports required by the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act.")

  • Lawrence University

  • Lycoming College

  • Lyon College

  • Marlboro College

  • Point Park University

  • Rhodes College (Rhodes said it added the new categories a few days after the initial publication of its report.)

  • Southwestern University

  • St. John's College

  • University of the District of Columbia

  • University of Illinois at Springfield

  • University of New Hampshire

  • Wabash College (Wabash said it had the statistics available in its security office, but did not add the new categories to its security report until after the Oct. 1 deadline.)

  • Wheaton College

Colleges with federal Clery complaints lodged against them by SurvJustice:
  • Whitworth University

  • Bennington College

  • Schreiner University

  • Western Washington University

  • University of St. Thomas

  • Kenyon College

  • Concordia University

  • Goddard College

  • Wayne Baptist University (includes 14 campuses)

These Gorgeous Chicago Landmarks Are Open To The Public For The First Time In Decades

Fri, 2014-10-17 16:12
Consider it the Super Bowl for architecture buffs.

Open House Chicago returns this weekend to give visitors from around the globe the rare opportunity to step inside some of the city's most treasured landmarks typically closed from public view.

The now-annual event run by the Chicago Architecture Foundation (CAF) provides a city-wide history lesson spanning 18 neighborhoods and 150 structures, CAF officials told The Huffington Post.

This year, though, a handful of landmarks on the tour will open to guests for the first time in more than half a century. Among the most anticipated is the Allerton Hotel -- home to the iconic "Tip Top Tap" sign -- which has been closed since 1961.

The hotel's bar and ballroom once hosted stars of the day like Bing Crosby, Bob Hope, Frank Sinatra and Lucille Ball, according to ABC Chicago. The ballroom is the featured stop inside the Allerton, which was purchased by a French hotelier earlier this year and renamed the Warwick Allerton Hotel.

You'll also get a peak inside downtown's The Sky-Line Club, one of the oldest private membership facilities in town. Nestled in the Old Republic Building, it was constructed in part in Sussex, England before making its way to the Windy City.

Not every stop on this year's open house tour is steeped in history, however. Among the two featured stops for 2014 are the headquarters of two millennial-era e-commerce giants: daily deals site, Groupon, and popular t-shirt maker, Threadless.

OHC organizers say they hope the free event draws at least 60,000 visitors, up from last year's crowd of 55,000. In 2013, visitors from 71 different countries and all 50 states poured into the city to take a peek into the best-kept secrets in Chicago.

Open House Chicago runs Saturday, Oct. 18 and Sunday, Oct. 19. Free, no tickets are required.

Caption information courtesy of the Chicago Architectural Foundation.

Health Goth Is More Than A Fashion Trend

Fri, 2014-10-17 15:01
What the heck is Health Goth?

While the term may look strange at first glance, the idea behind the wearing of head-to-toe black sportswear is simple: it promotes a way to make the fitness world more accessible to people who don't fit the stereotype of the typical gym-goer.

Less about wearing any particular brand or even style of clothing, Health Goth is a a subcultural movement, a new point of entry for people who'd rather pump iron to Nine Inch Nails or Type O Negative than Maroon Five or Taylor Swift -- and who don't necessarily feel at home at the typical Top 40-blaring, Lululemon-dominated gym.

The origin of Health Goth is generally traced back to April 2013, when two Portland men launched the original Health Goth Facebook page.

Since then, others have taken up the Health Goth banner, including Chicago-based music producer and party promoter Johnny Love, the man behind This summer, Love launched a line of t-shirts and sport bras that subvert -- with a sinister spin -- the look of fitness wear from corporate brands like Nike, Adidas and Under Armour.

One of Love's designs, the "Dead Worldwide" shirt, is worn by nightlife personality Jazzeppi.

Love hopes the trend will help encourage the dark-hearted among us to lead healthier lives.

"The evolution, or rather, byproduct of its existence will be a generation of gym-goers who realize that you don't have to be a jock to lift weights, and who do it listening to darker and/or more aggressive music," Love told HuffPost via e-mail.

The message appears to be resonating. What started as a social media meme now appears -- thanks in no small part to coverage from fashion and cultural publications including Marie Claire, PAPERMAG and Complex -- ready to hit the mainstream.

The style has been described by some as an outgrowth from black-heavy looks like street goth or goth ninja, but there's much more to it than the clothes. As the cliché goes, it's seen by its devotees as a lifestyle.

At its core, Love describes Health Goth as "about achieving an attractive level of physical fitness." In 2013, he created a "#HealthGoth Fitness Bible" that urged people to start eating more healthily -- refraining from eating anything that cannot be made in one's own home kitchen -- and to work out regularly, exercising one's entire body evenly by completing full exercises, not being afraid of lifting weights and, above all, "work[ing] out 'til you feel like death."

Love doesn't particularly see anything too contradictory about bridging the ideas of "health" and "goth" together, either. Many icons of the culture -- like Trent Reznor and Glenn Danzig -- have remained in excellent physical shape throughout their careers. There's even websites like, geared toward the fitness-minded who prefer music fast and frightening.

"[Fashion designer] Rick Owens has sung the praises of working out and he has a good point," Love said. "Clothes fit and look best on a well maintained body, no one wants to see a Grover belly poking through your Under Armour compression shirt. After your body is right then you can swaddle it in all the semi-futuristic, minimal, monochrome sportswear you desire, and then it'll look good."

Love (right), with a friend, both wearing "Dead Worldwide" after a soccer match.

Love has had success as the movement's poster boy. The first run of his line sold out, and he now has his eye on putting out a wider range of gear, including shorts, leggings, a football jersey and a low-cut bodybuilder-style tank top.

But as Health Goth continues its evolution from a hashtag to well-known style and culture, could it be heading the way of preceding music-oriented microtrends -- like seapunk or "witch house" -- that lost their cachet when chart-topping pop stars co-opted the look?

Love understands that exposure is "a double-edged sword," but is hopeful for a lasting impact regardless if Katy Perry or Lady Gaga pop up in music videos wearing monochrome black above Nike Roshe running shoes.

"If only the superficial elements of Health Goth are what gains traction, then I see the same thing happening [to it]," he said, referring to discarded trends.

"There are still people who dress 'punk' because there is an actual culture that goes along with it, [but] if something is solely a clothing style, then it can be tossed away and picked up by a mom on the sale rack at T.J.Maxx."

Illinois Deserves Better Than the <i>Chicago Tribune</i>

Fri, 2014-10-17 14:30
The Chicago Tribune endorsed Bruce Rauner in the GOP Primary and it's now endorsed him for the General Election too. This comes as a surprise to no one.

No doubt the editorial board already had its love letter written and ready to go even as the Tribune had one diligent reporter in Tampa three weeks ago covering the first days of an ongoing trial in U.S. Bankruptcy Court. Plaintiffs there seek to prove that private equity firm GTCR participated in a massive, fraudulent scheme to unlawfully hide assets and thus prevent nursing home victims' families from recovering for the suffering and death of loved ones. Bruce Rauner isn't individually named as a defendant in the case, but GTCR is and Rauner was at the helm of GTCR as its chairman when all of the alleged wrongdoing took place.

That diligent Tribune reporter, David Heinzmann, provided some excellent coverage from the first week of trial, but there has been nothing since. Perhaps inconvenient facts like testimony that ownership of the toxic parts of GTCR's once high-flying nursing home chain were somehow unloaded on a visibly confused elderly graphic artist who thought he was only getting some computer equipment was causing too much cognitive dissonance for the Tribune bosses back home in Chicago. I have no idea.

So how does the Chicago Tribune deal with the nursing home abuse which occurred during Rauner's watch, the alleged fraud to avoid responsibility, the proven massive accounting fraud at one GTCR owned company, the numerous executives criminally convicted at others, the $13 million dollar settlement with the U.S. Department of Justice for Medicare/Medicaid fraud in Georgia, the settlement of a civil RICO lawsuit in Ohio, and Rauner's alleged threat against a female executive and her family?

And further, how does the Tribune deal with the fact Rauner was a fierce opponent of the pension reform bill which passed in December? Rauner not only opposed the bill, he did his best to derail it. The Tribune preached in favor of the bill for months. Shortly before that December vote, the editorial board told lawmakers it would be "a vote that would define them." But the Tribune didn't stop there, it warned lawmakers that not supporting the bill would be to "declare that you're the problem."

So how does the Tribune deal with all of this? How does the Tribune endorse a guy who by its own definition is the problem? Simple. The Tribune just ignores it all. "In crafting this endorsement, we won't be sucked into each candidate's autopsies of what the other guy did in the past," declares the Tribune.

How convenient.

But I get it. Any focus on Rauner's actual record instead of hazy future plans (which the Tribune doesn't even attempt to specify) would likely reveal the endorsement as something beyond the simply ludicrous.

However, the Chicago Tribune wasn't always so willing to ignore the past.

Back in 2004 when Republican Jack Ryan was running against Barack Obama for U.S. Senate, the Tribune was so obsessed over details of how Ryan may or may not have propositioned his own wife, the newspaper's lawyers actually went to court in California seeking to unseal more divorce records.

In what many observers believed was a very rare if not an unprecedented ruling, the court did order the release of some files, even though the judge acknowledged that the publicity could be expected to have "a deleterious effect" on the Ryans' young son.

Jack Ryan always denied the unsubstantiated claims made by his now ex-wife in a contested divorce, and in fact the claims were never proven. In any case the allegations were a bunch of nothing - no abuse and no infidelity whatsoever. In fact the court awarded joint custody of the child to the parents so obviously there was no question in the court's mind about Jack Ryan's fitness. And anyone who knows the man can attest to Jack Ryan's decency and character.

But the Chicago Tribune didn't let the facts get in the way. The newspaper stoked the titillation at every opportunity - even though it was truly a "sex scandal" which had no sex.

While the allegations against Jack Ryan were confined exclusively to his private life with his own wife, the Tribune's editorial board had no trouble declaring this from atop its high horse shortly before Ryan dropped out of the race that summer of 2004: "The questions raised this week go much deeper than a novice candidate's mistakes. They go to his credibility, the value of his word."

And Tribune columnist John Kass (R - Dibs), while sparing readers another invented cutesy nickname for Jack Ryan, would not be outdone on moral indignation about a candidate's past. Kass declared: "As a possible U.S. senator, [Jack Ryan] had a profound responsibility, to the voters, to his state, to his nation."

The Tribune's obsession with a candidate's past and private life had earlier been displayed that same year in the case of Blair Hull who was a leading challenger to Obama in the Democratic Primary for that U.S. Senate seat. (I'm not going to get into the Tribune's obsession with the intra-marital relations of some candidates while completely ignoring the apparent extramarital activities of Rauner. But if you're interested in that topic you can read what Chicago Magazine had to say here, and NBC 5 Chicago here.)

But it's not only the past which the Tribune now selectively ignores - it's also the honesty issue.

Recall the Tribune's other supposed rap against Jack Ryan was that he wasn't honest when he said there was "nothing embarrassing" in his divorce file. First of all, that sounds like a true statement to me, and it's now ten years later and no one has ever proven otherwise.

But if the Tribune truly cares about a candidate's honesty, what about Rauner?

First, even the Tribune acknowledges that Rauner wasn't honest when he originally said he sat on the nursing home chain's company board for only one year. The company was Trans Healthcare and we now know Rauner remained on its board for at least four years.

We also know Rauner wasn't honest when he first spoke to the Tribune about the influence he used to clout his daughter into the prestigious Walter Payton Prep in Chicago over a truly deserving student.

But perhaps Rauner's biggest whopper of all is when he recently declared "nobody in my firm was ever accused of wrongdoing." Right, all we have to do is ignore things like the civil RICO case his firm settled in Ohio, the large settlement he paid to a female executive in a case involving disturbing threats Rauner allegedly made against the executive and her family, and the massive fraud trial still going on in federal court in Tampa.

The Tribune's endorsement is astonishing for another reason.

Sam Zell acquired control of the Tribune media empire in 2007. Less than a year later the company filed for bankruptcy protection.

Zell wanted to shake-up the Tribune's staid corporate culture and he hand-picked radio executive Randy Michaels for the job. Michaels was installed as the Tribune's new CEO.

That decision was a disaster. The New York Times detailed Michaels's unbelievable exploits here back in 2010. Here is just a small excerpt: Based on interviews with more than 20 employees and former employees of the Tribune, Mr. Michaels' and his executives' use of sexual innuendo, poisonous workplace banter and profane invective shocked and offended people throughout the company. Tribune Tower, the architectural symbol of the staid company, came to resemble a frat house, complete with poker parties, juke boxes and pervasive sex talk.

Michaels lasted only two years at the Tribune. One has to assume his departure was enthusiastically welcomed by every decent employee who hadn't already fled the company.

Given all of Michaels's documented piggish behavior, he was obviously done in the industry right? Wrong. Rauner and his partners hired him! Michaels was tapped in 2011 to run the GTCR-owned Merlin Media, L.L.C.

I have no idea what the Chicago Tribune is thinking. Its people say they want a change leader, but provides not a scintilla of support for its claim that Rauner would be that guy.

All I personally see in Rauner is a continuation of a thuggish culture in the Illinois Republican Party which is keeping the GOP here from making inroads. Rauner's quickly bonded with other aging GOP losers who think it's okay to bar a black former Miss America from speaking at events, and miscreants who think it's okay to employ openly armed men in a failed attempt to keep competitors off the ballot.

In Rauner I see a man who thinks it's okay to allegedly threaten one of his own executives and her family. I see a guy who is fine with siphoning what he can from lousy nursing homes, and then when people start dying, lawyers-up and hides behind a complicated shell-game in hopes of blocking the victims' families from ever seeing a penny.

Illinois has given the Chicago Tribune over a century and a half. Given that length of time and this level of failure, surely all Illinoisans can agree it's time for real change at the Chicago Tribune.

Doug Ibendahl is a Chicago Attorney and a former General Counsel of the Illinois Republican Party.

Chicago A Cappella Group Performs 'Global Transcendence' Concert With Repertoire For World Religions

Fri, 2014-10-17 13:19
With religious tensions high around the world, one Chicago-based a cappella group is aiming to make a difference with the one tool it has: music.

Chicago a cappella kicked off its "Global Transcendence" program with concerts on October 11-12, and two more are scheduled for this weekend. The program showcases "the musical intersections of the world’s faiths" with selections from Jewish, Hindu, Baha'i, Christian and other traditions.

The interfaith theme of the concert is deeply rooted in founder and artistic director Jonathan Miller's own background. In the program notes for the show, Miller wrote:

My parents met while studying Hinduism and meditation in Boston. Swami Akhilananda, my parents’ teacher and one of the pioneering bridge-builders between Eastern and Western religion and psychology, had posted on the wall of the Boston Vedanta Society a saying from the Rig Veda, a sacred Sanskrit text, which began: “Truth is One; Sages call It by various names.” My parents taught me this idea in my earliest years, and it remains a birthright of sorts for me.

On top of this background, Miller serves as cantor during High Holy Days services at a Conservative Jewish synagogue in Chicago and has sung in Catholic and Protestant services for decades, the group's executive director Matthew Greenberg told HuffPost.

Combine Miller's passion for spiritual traditions with current events, and the show's timing could not be better, Greenberg said.

"It seems that never before has our world been more aware of sectarian and inter-religious conflict," he said. "It so fills the airwaves and information flow that we begin to think there is nothing that connects us, only that which divides."

This concert, Greenberg said, aims to dispute that.

Listen to a sampling of Chicago a cappella's "Global Transcendence" program below:

"Dastam Begir," a Baha’i song with soloist Emily Price:

Begins with Eshu O, a traditional Ghanaian chant, and segues into “Alleluiarion of Pentekoste," a traditional Greek Orthodox chant:

“O Lux Beatissima” by Howard Helvey, featuring ancient Christian text:

Former Indiana governor explains what's wrong with Illinois

Fri, 2014-10-17 11:46
As Illinois moves ever-closer to decision time on finding a new governor, could our elected officials learn something from looking at our neighbors? Scott Reeder spoke with former Indiana Gov. Mitch Daniels about how he ran his state and his advice for his friends to the west.

From Reeder:

"I told my people early on in my administration that I wanted to build the best sandbox in America. I wanted to create an environment that encouraged the hiring of people and more investment in Indiana," he said. "I asked them to consider what they can do better, faster - or stop doing - to ensure that the next job comes here and not Illinois or some other state."

Daniels said focusing on improving the overall business climate has been the key to Indiana's success.

Daniels indicated Illinois and other states have become overly reliant on offering special incentives to select businesses.

Folks on the left call this practice "corporate welfare" and on the right they call it "crony capitalism."

Check out the rest of Daniels' tips for the state at Reboot Illinois.

No matter who wins in November or what tips they do or do not take from Daniels, the next governor will have to tackle questions about education. Andrew Broy, the president of the Illinois Network of Charter Schools, says Illinois' schools are at a critical juncture and aren't receiving the guidance they need.

From Broy:

The new report on Chicago charter school performance by the Institute on Metropolitan Opportunity fails to provide accurate information at a critical time for public schools in our city. Unfortunately, the report is the latest in a long trend of policy preferences masquerading as research. With so much at stake in our struggle to improve Chicago's public schools, we must separate fact from fiction and truths from half-truths.

Read the rest of Broy's thoughts on Illinois charter schools at Reboot Illinois.

People Are Now Apparently Faking Ebola To Get Faster Medical Treatment

Fri, 2014-10-17 11:15
The Ebola hoaxes have begun.

Authorities in Columbus, Ohio, received a call around 9 p.m. Thursday, according to NBC's WCMH, claiming a local woman was suffering from Ebola-like symptoms. ABC's WSYX reported it was also claimed the woman had recently traveled to West Africa, where the Ebola outbreak has lead to almost 9,000 cases and 4,500 deaths.

Hazmat crews were sent to the woman's home, and she was taken to Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center’s Isolation Unit, Columbus' WBNS reported.

Once there, officials discovered it had all been a hoax.

Jose Rodriguez of Columbus Public Health said the woman did not exhibit Ebola symptoms and had not traveled to West Africa, according to the Columbus Dispatch. Tracy Smith, a battalion chief with the local Fire Division, said the woman may have devised the story because she "simply wanted faster treatment for a different illness."

“We are trying to protect the community,” Rodriguez said, “and a hoax really wasted our resources.”

Police will investigate the incident, according to WBNS.

Hoaxes tend to occur in the midst of a health crisis or national tragedy, like the AIDS crises or the 9/11 attacks.

“The more widespread the tragedy, the more attention it gets in the press over a long period of time, the more likely it is that powerless individuals will see a way of establishing control in the worst kinds of ways,” Jack Levin, a criminologist at Northeastern University and author of many books about violence, previously told The Huffington Post. He said more Ebola hoaxes will likely happen in the coming months.

These 7 Pizza Styles Dominate the Midwest

Fri, 2014-10-17 10:26
Ask 10 people to tell you which region can lay rightful claim to pizza -- that illustrious, oozing, Italian-American disc over which we all obsess -- and you'll get 10 different answers. But we're not here to argue; we're here to educate! So we teamed up with World Champion Pizza Maker Tony Gemignani* and Roots co-founder Scott Weiner** to create the official Thrillist Regional Pizza Index, a multi-part series exploring the proud provincial pie persuasions that are found across the country (and the world). We started in the Northeast; now, the Midwest!

Chicago. It's what we talk about when we talk about Midwestern pizza, and rightly so: its deep-dish is a national treasure. But that's just one of the three (3!) pie-nnovations that The Chi has given the world, and beyond Windy City limits, there's an even vaster plain of perpetually overshadowed Midwestern 'za. From St. Louis to Detroit, and from The D to the Quad Cities, Chicago's deep-dish is surrounded on all sides by the lesser-known Midwest pizza hotbeds. Strap on your rust belt, kids.

More: Your Regional Guide to America's Greatest Pizzas: Northeast Edition!

Back-of-the-napkin report
Oven: Gas brick
Cheese(s): Whole or part-skim mozzarella
Key practitioners: Lou Malnati's; Art of Pizza; Pizzeria Uno and Due; Pizano's

Tony's take
If you had any doubts deep-dish was a heavy-hitter, Tony puts those to rest. "You're cooking [deep-dish] like you'd be cooking a cake", he says, with temperatures at the (relatively low) range of 450-520ºF. After oiling/buttering the round, black steel pan, the dough -- "traditionally... butter or lard, along with cornmeal, potato" -- gets tucked in, then loaded up with cheese. After that, it's on to toppings (sausage & spinach are popular) and sauce, usually "a blend of chunky with hand-crushed tomatoes".

Ingredients of greatness:

Credit: Grant Condon

This circular, jet-black steel pan is the proverbial vessel for which the pie is named. (But these days, not everyone uses it -- more on that later.)

In the city that brought you Abe Froman -- Sausage King of Chicago -- the de-cased meat is a go-to topping. But spinach is also popular... and delicious.

Whole or part-skim mozzarella is the dairy of choice for deep-dish. It's that richness that produces tasty, oozy moments like this one.

Don't you dare cook that sausage!
The deep-dish shown here is topped with spinach and sausage (it's hard to see!), but in Chicago, "'ingredients usually means 'sausage'", says Tony. "More importantly, raw sausage." The meat is either laid in patty form or squeezed from its casing, then baked concurrent with the 'za so it stays juicy and moist.

Credit: Grant Condon

Back-of-the-napkin report
Oven: Gas brick
Cheese(s): Wisconsin brick cheese (which is very real), plus white cheddar (sometimes)
Key practitioners: Buddy's; Cloverleaf; Niki's; Jet's; All these places

Tony's take
"The flavor profile" of the Detroit pie, Tony explains, "is sorta like mac & cheese -- that slightly burnt mac & cheese taste". That's because the edges of this rectangular Sicilian/cast-iron hybrid are crispy brown flanges of cheese that've been flash-caramelized by the searing heat from the pan's walls (more on that in a minute). "It's all about those burnt edges & corners. Everyone wants the corners. That's just life," he muses. "That's why I cut my Detroit [pies] into fourths -- so everyone gets a corner."

Ingredients of greatness:

Credit: Grant Condon

Detroit is deep-dish, sure. But it's a much spongier, air-filled crust than its Chicago counterpart, so you'll feel surprisingly not-awful eating multiple pieces.

"The red-top is just cheese with two racing stripes over the top," explains Tony. "You'll see some people finish those pies with Parm or Pecorino, and all toppings are normally placed under the cheese."

Pushed right out to the edges of the blue steel pan, the mozz & cheddar have no choice but to transform into tasty golden-brown stalagmites. These are the crowning glory of the Detroit deep-dish.

Blue steel pans are paramount
You can't cook one of these right-angled monstrosities in just any pan, by the way. The official vessel is a blue steel pan sourced from a small manufacturing company in West Virginia. "The blue steel... gets to a high, high heat, so it really burns the corners," says Tony. Wes Pikula, the general manager of Buddy's, told Detroit Free Press in 2011 that the pans "have a way of capturing the flavors in the metal", similar to a black skillet.

Skillets are intended for the kitchen, but apparently, blue steel pans were never supposed to be "pans" in the first place. In an odd twist of Motor City history, the manufacturer -- who inadvertently caused a pan shortage when it moved its operations to Mexico three years ago -- claimed in the same article that its blue steel pans were meant as small-parts trays for factory work, not for baking. No one's quite sure how they came to be a Detroit pizza essential, but they remain one to this day.

There's plenty more Midwest pizza styles, like Chicago Thin-Crust, St. Louis-Style, Quad Cities-Style, and much more -- all on Thrillist!

More from Thrillist:

The 33 best BBQ joints in America

33 of the Best, Most Iconic American Foods

Follow Thrillist on Twitter:

100-Year-Old Wrigley Field Reduced To Rubble As Renovations Begin

Fri, 2014-10-17 09:40
CHICAGO (AP) -- Construction equipment is starting to take big bites out of Wrigley Field's exterior outfield walls.

The demolition of the famous bleachers at the historic ballpark in Chicago is part of a project to build a large electronic sign and six other outfield signs.

Chicago Cubs spokesman Julian Green said Thursday that the affected walls won't be rebuilt for several weeks. He says the ivy-covered outfield wall will not be taken down.

The work is part of the Cubs' privately funded $575 million renovation project. The Cubs started the project despite a legal fight involving owners of rooftop businesses across the street.

Those businesses fear their views of the field will be blocked. They have sued the city.

(AP Photos/M. Spencer Green)

Man Suspected Of Shooting 2 Illinois Deputies Caught

Fri, 2014-10-17 09:35
CHICAGO (AP) -- A man suspected of shooting two sheriff's deputies in suburban Chicago was arrested Thursday after residents told investigators a man fitting the suspect's description was walking on a nearby street, authorities said.

McHenry County Sheriff Keith Nygren said Scott Peters, 52, did not resist arrest about two miles from his Holiday Hills home. Peters has not been charged yet.

Peters is suspected of firing "several rounds" from a rifle through the front door when deputies arrived at his home early Thursday in response to a request for a wellness check, Nygren said.

Peters fled, and his wife and child were in the home but unharmed, Nygren said.

One deputy was shot in the torso and leg, and was listed in serious condition after undergoing surgery at a nearby hospital, said Nygren, who noted the deputy was a 7-year veteran of the sheriff's office.

The second deputy, a 12-year veteran, was shot in the leg. She was listed in good condition, the sheriff said.

"We think they will recover," he said. "It will be a long road."

When the deputies arrived, Peters fired "several rounds through the door without opening it and kept firing through the open door," Nygren said.

Nygren said it was unclear how Peters escaped or where he may have hid before he was arrested. Peters was still wearing the shorts and T-shirt he had on in the morning, and all of the family's vehicles were accounted after the shooting, the sheriff said.

The weapon Peters allegedly used hasn't been recovered, although authorities said believe they know where it is.

Sheriff's deputies conducted a door-to-door after the shooting in Holiday Hills, a village with a population of about 600, to make sure residents were safe.

Authorities say about 250 officers from several jurisdictions - including the FBI and the U.S. Marshal Service - were involved in the search about 45 miles northwest of downtown Chicago.

Nygren said local police didn't have "much of a past history" with Peters. He said Peters is a military veteran, but didn't have details about his service history.

Nygren also said he did not know what Peters did for a living, saying only that he "may be on disability."

How Google Glass Apps Showcase the Potential of Wearable Educational Technology

Fri, 2014-10-17 09:09
Last month Google made its wearable Glass product available to the general public for the first time. While you no longer need to be an invited Google Glass Explorer to play around with the pioneering (albeit unfashionable) platform, you still need $1,500 to get one shipped to you from the Google Play Store.

It's unclear whether this high profile focus on wearable computing will come anywhere close to matching the success of Google's Android operating system. Many, including famed tech commentator Robert Scoble, believe that Glass is not ready for prime time and will ultimately sink like Google's once trendy Wave messaging platform.

Regardless of whether Google Glass will succeed, wearable technology -- sooner rather than later -- will profoundly impact learning. We are seeing how iPads, Android tablets, and Chromebooks are "flipping" traditional educational models by allowing students to view classroom lectures at home and reserving classroom time for personalized instruction. Apps created for these platforms can also assess real-time progress by individual and groups of students in ways that were never possible before.

We shouldn't forget that the technology that enables flipped learning and real-time personalization barely existed just five years ago. Things change fast. Understanding the potential ahead, app developers are reimagining how they can reach students, teachers and schools on devices that will literally be connected to us.

Until the Apple Watch comes out early next year, Google Glass will be the highest profile wearable computing device that doesn't count your steps or monitor your heartbeat. While the Google Glass app ecosystem is still in its embryonic stage (there are less than 100 apps developed specifically for use on Google Glass), it does offer some breadcrumbs in terms of how wearable technology will impact education.

Here are five areas where we can already see wearable technology's current and potential impact on education.

Personalized learning instruction and assessment
Assessment apps like Socrative -- available for the iPad, Android tablets, and Chromebooks -- allow teachers to see real-time analytics that show how well a student or groups of students are responding to any particular lesson at any particular time. The one thing any of these screen-based apps cannot do is simultaneously interpret student body language, which is an equally important signal to comprehension. Imagine a version of Socrative built on top of a Google Now framework, however, where a teacher can view quantitative comprehension data while also being able to look at any of their students in the eye.

Field trips and Career Training
The first-person broadcast capabilities of Google Glass, where users can record and/or transmit in real-time what they are hearing and seeing, will allow teachers to record and share virtual field trips like never before. From a narrated tour of an art or science museum, to showing elementary students a day in the life of a firefighter, to giving physics students lessons from a particle collider (buggy, but A for effort!), Glass will provide context to worlds outside the classroom. This understanding was previously unfathomable.

It's not that Glass and other wearable devices will teach students to be any more productive. The aim in this early stage is to create a vocabulary of gestures that allow users to harness everything they are tracking with the technology. From sharing a real-time video with the wink of an eye, to storing an audio file in Google Drive with a slight tilt of the head, users, developers and media companies are tinkering with the next generation of taps, zooms and two finger scrolls. Not surprisingly, Evernote is already staking a claim by investing considerably in this new platform. Expect others to dive in soon.

Language Learning
When Google acquired the game-changing technology of language translation app Word Lens, it had plans for applications not just confined to a touch screen. Through augmented reality, Word Lens quickly scans words in one language and translates them to another. It doesn't take too much imagination to predict how this -- and associated technologies that do the same for audio (see below) -- will impact multilingual communication in the near-term. Popular language-learning app Duolingo also has an official presence on Google Glass.

Serving students with audio and visual disabilities
Developed at the Georgia Institute of Technology, the Captioning to Glass app converts audio spoken into a smartphone to captioning that will be visible to anyone wearing the device. Currently, the app is used to help anyone with a hearing disability refer back to words that were spoken and not picked up by reading lips or facial gestures. Conversely, the speaker has the chance to edit out "uhs," "ums" and other verbal tics. The same team is also working on a Translation to Glass product, that will aim to replicate the functionality of Word Lens for audio translation.

Highest-paid Illinois College Football Coaches

Fri, 2014-10-17 08:19
College football can be a huge money maker for schools. On top of being a way to generate revenue, good football teams can also help a school attract prospective students.

Football is essentially a major investment for colleges, and their board members are willing to shell out big bucks to hire and retain football coaches who can win and provide the maximum return on that investment. While football might not be as big in Illinois as it is in the South, particularly the Southeastern Conference -- where University of Alabama Head Coach, Nick Saban, made $5.4 million last year -- coaches at Illinois' public universities are still earning six-figure salaries.

Of Illinois' 12 public universities, six have football squads that compete in either the Division I-A (FBS) or I-AA (FCS) level. Since taxpayer dollars are on the hook for these salaries, take a look at what each coach is making, along with any additional compensation and bonus incentives. Contract details were obtained from each university through Freedom of Information Act Requests.

[Note: The NCAA changed its college football playoff rules, eliminating the Bowl Champion Series (BCS) system, which determined the top 25 rankings through a complex computer algorithm, and replaced it with selection committee consisting of experts responsible for issuing ranks. The Bleacher Report has more on these changes.]

Here are three of the coaches with the top Illinois football salaries.

6. Eastern Illinois University (FCS)

Coach Kim Dameron

Contract term: Jan. 11, 2014-Dec. 31, 2018
Base salary: $170,000
Additional compensation:
$500 automobile stipend
Base salary increase of $15,000 if employed through Sept. 1, 2017
Conference: Ohio Valley Conference
2013 season record: 12-2 (8-0 in OVC)

5. Western Illinois University (FCS)

Coach Bob Nielson

Contract term: July 1, 2014-Dec. 31, 2017
Base salary: $206,892
Conference: Missouri Valley Football Conference
2013 season record: 4-8 (2-6 in MVFC)

4. Southern Illinois University (FCS)

Coach Dale Lennon

Contract term: Jan. 1, 2014-Dec. 31, 2016
Base salary: $220,788
Additional compensation: $4,000 per year for each year Lennon's son is enrolled full-time at SIUC.
Conference: Missouri Valley Football Conference
2013 season record: 7-5 (5-3 in MVFC)

Check out Reboot Illinois to see which school's football team has a coach that makes almost half a million dollars a year, plus see what bonus incentives all football coaches receive every year.

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